動物總界 

动物总界
如何讀生物分類框
Elephant-ear-sponge.jpg
前方为象耳海绵Agelas clathrodes),后方则是两种珊瑚:黑海扇Iciligorgia schrammi)及巨裂孔柳珊瑚Plexaurella nutans).
科学分类 e
总域: 新壁總域 Neomura
域: 真核域 Eukaryota
演化支 單鞭毛生物 Unikonta
演化支 後鞭毛生物 Opisthokonta
总界: 动物总界 Holozoa
Lang et al., 2002
演化支

动物总界(学名:Holozoa)是后鞭毛生物的一个演化支,包括了动物和其它与动物界近缘、但与真菌界远缘的单细胞亲属在内。[1][2][3][4]另外,Holozoa也是长带海鞘属Distaplia)的旧学名。[5]

  1. ^ Do we need many genes for phylogenetic inference?. Biochemistry Mosc. December 2007, 72 (12): 1313–23. PMID 18205615. doi:10.1134/S000629790712005X. 
  2. ^ The closest unicellular relatives of animals. Curr. Biol. October 2002, 12 (20): 1773–8. PMID 12401173. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(02)01187-9. 
  3. ^ Shalchian-Tabrizi, Kamran; Minge, Marianne A.; Espelund, Mari; Orr, Russell; Ruden, Torgeir; Jakobsen, Kjetill S.; Cavalier-Smith, Thomas; Aramayo, Rodolfo. Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals. PLoS ONE. 7 May 2008, 3 (5): e2098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. 
  4. ^ The RJL family of small GTPases is an ancient eukaryotic invention probably functionally associated with the flagellar apparatus. Gene. August 2009, 442 (1–2): 63–72. PMID 19393304. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2009.04.011. 
  5. ^ Tatiàn, Marcos; Antacli, Julieta Maria; Sahade, Ricardo. Ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea): species distribution along the Scotia Arc. Scientia Marina. 2005, 69 (suppl. 2): 205–214. doi:10.3989/scimar.2005.69s2205. 



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