德裔美国人 

德裔美国人
Deutschamerikaner
German American
Dwight David Eisenhower, photo portrait by Bachrach, 1952.jpg
Babe Ruth.JPG
Chester Nimitz-fleet-admiral.jpg
NormanSchwarzkopf.jpg
John D. Rockefeller 1885.jpg
Bruce Willis by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
總人口
50,764,352
美国总人口数的17%[1],2006年數據)
分佈地區
美國各州,特別是在宾夕法尼亚州德克薩斯州加利福尼亞州以及美國中西部地區
語言
德语美式英語
宗教信仰
基督宗教新教51%:路德教派門諾派阿米什羅馬天主教26%)、猶太教1%及其他宗教16%
相关族群
德裔種族(包括德國人、奧地利人及少數瑞士人)、奧裔美国人、德裔加拿大人、斯堪的纳维亚裔美国人、荷蘭裔美国人
2000年時的美國十五大族群數量排名,德裔美國人名列前茅。

德裔美国人是指祖先为德意志人美国公民。目前德裔美国人是美国人数最多的一个移民族群,约占美国总人口数的17%[2]。最早一批大规模德裔移民于1680年代抵达今日的纽约宾夕法尼亚一帶。从那时起到今天,共有大约800万德国移民来到美国。在19世纪时持续有大批的德国移民涌入,并在1840年到1900年间达到高潮。德裔移民成为人数最多的移民族群,超过了爱尔兰英格蘭[3]。这些移民中,有些是为了追求宗教政治自由,有些则是为了寻找比欧洲更好的就业机会,有些人只是想在新大陆上开始新生活。

加利福尼亚州和宾夕法尼亚州拥有最多的德裔美国人口,在这两个州定居的德裔美国人都超过了600万。有总计超过5000万的美国人确认他们的祖先是德国人。根据1990年的美国人口普查,约5800万美国人声称他们拥有完全或者部分德国血统[4]。宾夕法尼亚州一直到第一次世界大战之前,英语德语同为官方语言[5]

今天的德裔美国人几乎遍布美国的每个州,从17世纪最早一批德国定居者抵达的东海岸到西海岸以及其间的各个州都有他们的身影,他们已经在美国生活了400年,加上人數居美國第一,德裔美国人和那些定居在美国的德国人在几乎所有的领域都对这个国家产生了影响,从科学建筑,从体育娱乐,再到工商业。有些德裔美国人,像设计布鲁克林大桥的工程师约翰·奥古斯塔·罗布林(John Augustus Roebling),以及建筑师沃尔特·格罗佩斯留下有形的建筑杰作。另一些生于德国的德裔美国人,例如玛丽亚·格佩特-梅耶沃纳·冯·布劳恩则树立了知识的丰碑;在体育界,贝比·鲁斯卢·格里克霍纳斯·瓦格纳被公认为属于历史上最伟大的棒球選手之列[6];其他的例如著名的演员克拉克·盖博[7][8]帕里斯·希尔顿[9][10]大卫·哈塞尔霍夫[11][12]玛琳·黛德丽[13][14]多瑞丝·戴[15][16]莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥[17]布鲁斯·威利斯[18]珊卓·布拉克[19]爱德华·阿诺德(Edward Arnold)[20]克斯汀·鄧斯特[21]

一年之中,德裔美国人经常聚会欢庆自己的节日,最盛大的当属每年9月的第三个星期六在纽约举行的德裔美国人史特宾遊行英语Von Steuben Day

  1. ^ US Census Factfinder. [2008-05-20]. (原始内容存档于2020-02-11). 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. US demographic census. [2007-04-15]. (原始内容存档于2020-02-12). 
  3. ^ Adams, J.Q.; Pearlie Strother-Adams. Dealing with Diversity. Chicago, IL: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. 2001. 0-7872-8145-X. 
  4. ^ The Germans in America. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 2010-09-21 [2011-11-22] (英语). 
  5. ^ German or English. THE GERMAN AMERICANS AN ETHNIC EXPERIENCE. [2011-11-22]. (原始内容存档于2012-02-05) (英语). 
  6. ^ Rating the Top Baseball Players of All Time. [2007-11-28]. 
  7. ^ [1] "German Heritage of Clark Gable."
  8. ^ 存档副本. [2007-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2007-07-20).  "...born in Cadiz, Ohio. Both Gable's mother (Adeline Hershelman) and father (William H. Gable) had German ancestors (Frankenfield, Hershelman, and Haupt) who had settled in Pennsylvania."
  9. ^ 存档副本. [2008-02-26]. (原始内容存档于2006-07-05). "I think German guys are really hot ... I am German."
  10. ^ [2] "German Heritage of Paris Hilton."
  11. ^ [3] "His parents are Joseph and Dolores Hasselhoff, and his family is of mainly German ancestry."
  12. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/246/000025171/] NNDB page of David Hasselhoff
  13. ^ [4] "German-American motion-picture actress whose aura of sophistication and languid sensuality made her one of the most glamorous of all film stars."
  14. ^ [5] "German Heritage of Marlene Dietrich."
  15. ^ 存档副本. [2006-05-18]. (原始内容存档于2004-04-16).  "though as it happens, Doris Day, nee Doris Kappelhoff, is purebred German."
  16. ^ 存档副本. [2007-07-05]. (原始内容存档于2007-07-20).  "Doris Day (Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff, 1924- ; some bios claim she was born in 1922) - American film actress and TV personality born in the Cincinnati suburb of Evanston, Ohio in her family's house, "attended by a good German midwife." Both her parents were children of German immigrants. (Her maternal grandfather Welz came from Berlin.) Despite being Catholics, Doris' parents separated over William von Kappelhoff's extramarital affair when Doris was eleven, and later divorced. In the 1940s in California, the singer began to use the stage name Doris Day."
  17. ^ 存档副本. [2006-05-20]. (原始内容存档于2006-05-09).  "He's half-German, half-Italian." 存档副本. [2006-04-05]. (原始内容存档于2006-03-23).  "His dad, George DiCaprio, half German and half Italian, is an underground comic book artist... DiCaprio's mother, Irmelin Indenbirken (sometimes spelled In Den Birken), was born in a German air raid shelter in the midst of a World War II air raid. After the war, in the 1950s, she emigrated to the US with her parents as a young child... DiCaprio's maternal grandparents, Wilhelm and Helene Indenbirken, continued to live in the US for many years before returning to Germany to enjoy their retirement." [6] 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  18. ^ [7] "The German-born, New Jersey-raised Willis, 43, is one of Hollywood's biggest..."
  19. ^ 存档副本. [2006-05-18]. (原始内容存档于2006-06-24).  "The half-German, half-Alabaman Bullock was born in Washington, DC...
  20. ^ 存档副本. [2008-02-26]. (原始内容存档于2004-12-15).  "He was born Guenther Edward Schneider February 18, 1890 in New York City to fur cutter Carl Schneider and Elizabeth Ohse formerly of Hanover, Germany. Five children made for a crowded coldwater flat, but the thrifty German family somehow always had enough food on the table."
  21. ^ 存档副本. [2006-05-18]. (原始内容存档于2006-02-28).  "...posters of this Swedish/German beauty will be plastered in locker rooms everywhere..."



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