阿爾弗雷德·諾思·懷特黑德 

Alfred North Whitehead
阿尔弗雷德·诺思·懷特黑德
Alfred North Whitehead - cropped.jpg
出生(1861-02-15)1861年2月15日
英格兰肯特郡拉姆斯盖特
逝世1947年12月30日(1947-12-30)(86歲)
美国马萨诸塞州剑桥
时代20世纪哲学
地区西方哲学
学派歷程哲學英语Process philosophy
歷程神學英语Process theology
主要领域
数学形而上学
著名思想
歷程哲學英语Process philosophy
歷程神學英语Process theology

阿爾弗雷德·諾思·懷特黑德(英語:Alfred North Whitehead ,1861年2月15日-1947年12月30日),OM英國數學家哲學家。他是歷程哲學英语Process philosophy學派的奠基者,[43]目前已被視為可應用到多種學科,包括生態學神學教育學物理學生物學經濟學心理學及其他領域。

在他的职业生涯早期懷特黑德主要研究数学逻辑和物理。他最引人注目的是与前学生伯特兰·罗素合著的三卷《数学原理》(1910年至1913年)。《数学原理》认为是二十世纪最重要的数学逻辑作品之一,在现代图书馆英语Modern Library出版社所列的二十世纪前100本英文非小说书籍名單中,獲得第23名。

1910年代末至1920年代初,懷特黑德逐渐把他的注意力从数学轉移至科学哲学形而上学。和柏格森一樣,他關注直覺體驗與生命本身,但他採取不同的進路來解決這個問題,進而構建了一个全面的形而上学的系统。懷特黑德认为现实是由事件構成,而不是物质;这些事件不能脫離彼此關係而定义,因此拒绝独立存在的物质理论。[28]今天懷特黑德的哲学著作——特别《歷程與實在英语Process and Reality》——被视为历程哲学的經典。

懷特黑德的历程哲学主張:「紧迫地將世界視為一個具有相互关联历程的網路,而我們是不可或缺的部分,因此我们的所有的选择和行动都影响我们周围的世界。」[28]因此,近年來懷特黑德思想最有前途的应用之一是在小约翰·柯布英语John B. Cobb開創的生态文明和环境伦理領域。[44]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality (New York: The Free Press, 1978), 39.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality (New York: The Free Press, 1978), xii.
  3. ^ Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality (New York: The Free Press, 1978), xiii.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality (New York: The Free Press, 1978), xi.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Michel Weber and Will Desmond, eds., Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought, Volume 1 (Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2008), 17.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 174.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 173.
  8. ^ Joseph A. Bracken, "Whitehead and the Critique of Logocentrism," in Process and Difference: Between Cosmological and Poststructuralist Postmodernisms, ed. Catherine Keller and Anne Daniell (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), 91-110.
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Michel Weber and Will Desmond, eds., Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought, Volume 1 (Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2008), 26.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "CPS Co-Directors," Center for Process Studies, accessed December 12, 2013, 存档副本. [2012-06-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-05-24). .
  11. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 179.
  12. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为GillesDeleuze的参考文献提供内容
  13. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 170.
  14. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Bruce的参考文献提供内容
  15. ^ Franklin I. Gamwell, "Speaking of God after Aquinas," Journal of Religion 81 (2001): 208-209.
  16. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 183.
  17. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 167.
  18. ^ Nancy R. Howell, A Feminist Cosmology: Ecology, Solidarity, and Metaphysics (Amherst: Humanity Books, 2000), vii.
  19. ^ William E. Kaufman, "Mordecai M. Kaplan and Process Theology: Metaphysical and Pragmatic Perspectives," Process Studies 20 (1991). Available online at 存档副本. [2011-04-01]. (原始内容存档于2011-11-01). .
  20. ^ William E. Kaufman, The Case for God (Atlanta: Chalice Press, 1991).
  21. ^ Catherine Keller, "Introduction: The Process of Difference, the Difference of Process," in Process and Difference: Between Cosmological and Poststructuralist Postmodernisms, ed. Catherine Keller and Anne Daniell (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), 1-30.
  22. ^ 22.0 22.1 22.2 John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 164-165.
  23. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 175.
  24. ^ Bruno Latour, preface to Thinking with Whitehead: A Free and Wild Creation of Concepts, by Isabelle Stengers, trans. Michael Chase (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2011), x.
  25. ^ 25.0 25.1 John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 178.
  26. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 165.
  27. ^ "Dr. Jay McDaniel," Hendrix College, accessed December 12, 2013, http://www.hendrix.edu/religion/religion.aspx?id=2945.
  28. ^ 28.0 28.1 28.2 C. Robert Mesle, Process-Relational Philosophy: An Introduction to Alfred North Whitehead (West Conshohocken: Templeton Foundation Press, 2009), 9.
  29. ^ 29.0 29.1 29.2 John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 180.
  30. ^ Schubert M. Ogden, The Reality of God and Other Essays (Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1992), 36.
  31. ^ Thomas Jay Oord, "Reflection on Whitehead's Philosophical Theology," International Studies in Philosophy 35 (2003): 188-189.
  32. ^ Thomas J. Fararo, "On the Foundations of the Theory of Action in Whitehead and Parsons," in Explorations in General Theory in Social Science, ed. Jan J. Loubser et al. (New York: The Free Press, 1976), chapter 5.
  33. ^ Luis G. Pedraja, "Whitehead, Deconstruction, and Postmodernism," in Process and Difference: Between Cosmological and Poststructuralist Postmodernisms, ed. Catherine Keller and Anne Daniell (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), 73-90.
  34. ^ Michel Weber and Will Desmond, eds., Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought, Volume 1 (Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2008), 25.
  35. ^ Michel Weber and Will Desmond, eds., Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought, Volume 1 (Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2008), 31.
  36. ^ "Alfred North Whitehead Biography," European Graduate School, accessed December 12, 2013, 存档副本. [2013-12-12]. (原始内容存档于2013-09-03). .
  37. ^ Wolfgang Smith, Cosmos and Transcendence: Breaking Through the Barrier of Scientistic Belief (Peru, IL: Sherwood Sugden and Company, 1984), 3.
  38. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为IsabelleStengers的参考文献提供内容
  39. ^ William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take To Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996), 82.
  40. ^ Michel Weber and Will Desmond, eds., Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought, Volume 1 (Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 2008), 13.
  41. ^ John B. Cobb, Jr., and David Ray Griffin, Process Theology: An Introductory Exposition (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976), 177.
  42. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Birch的参考文献提供内容
  43. ^ David Ray Griffin, Reenchantment Without Supernaturalism: A Process Philosophy of Religion (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001), vii.
  44. ^ Philip Rose, On Whitehead (Belmont: Wadsworth, 2002), preface.



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