電子音樂 

現代化電子音樂工作室(1998年)

電子音樂,亦簡稱電音,是使用電子樂器以及電子音樂技術來製作的音樂;而創作或表演這類音樂的音樂家則稱為電子音樂家。一般而言,使用電子機械技術與使用電子技術製作的聲音是可以區別的。[1]使用電子機械製造聲音的設備有電傳簧風琴英语Telharmonium漢門式電風琴英语Hammond organ電吉他;而純粹的電子聲音製造設備則有特雷門聲音合成器電腦[2]

電子音樂一度幾乎完全與西方,特別是歐洲的藝術音樂連結,但自從1960年代晚期以後,因爲摩爾定律造就了可負擔的起的音樂科技,意味著使用電子方式製作音樂變的越來越在各國不同區域流行的領域普及與發揚起來。[3]今日的電子音樂包含各式各樣以及範圍從實驗藝術音樂到流行形式如電子舞曲。

  1. ^ "The stuff of electronic music is electrically produced or modified sounds. ... two basic definitions will help put some of the historical discussion in its place: purely electronic music versus electroacoustic music" (Holmes 2002,第6页).
  2. ^ "Electroacoustic music uses electronics to modify sounds from the natural world. The entire spectrum of worldly sounds provides the source material for this music. This is the domain of microphones, tape recorders and digital samplers…can be associated with live or recorded music. During live performances, natural sounds are modified in real time using electronics. The source of the sound can be anything from ambient noise to live musicians playing conventional instruments" (Holmes 2002,第8页).
  3. ^ "Electronically produced music is part of the mainstream of popular culture. Musical concepts that were once considered radical—the use of environmental sounds, ambient music, turntable music, digital sampling, computer music, the electronic modification of acoustic sounds, and music made from fragments of speech-have now been subsumed by many kinds of popular music. Record store genres including new age, rap, hip-hop, electronica, techno, jazz, and popular song all rely heavily on production values and techniques that originated with classic electronic music" (Holmes 2002,第1页). "By the 1990s, electronic music had penetrated every corner of musical life. It extended from ethereal sound-waves played by esoteric experimenters to the thumping syncopation that accompanies every pop record" (Lebrecht 1996,第106页).



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