指定打擊 

埃德加·馬丁尼茲Edgar Martínez)於西雅圖水手生涯中長期擔任全職指定打擊,並於2019年入選棒球名人堂成員[1]

指定打擊(英語:Designated Hitter, DH)是棒球比賽中,按照打序輪到投手進攻時,代替投手上場打擊的打者。在美國職棒大聯盟(MLB)規則5.11中,被稱為指定打擊規則designated hitter rule[2],1973年時由美國聯盟採用[3]。1973年起,大多數大學、業餘及職業棒球聯盟紛紛採用指定打擊制度,而各聯盟之間對於該制度內容有些微的不同[4]

  1. ^ Johns, Greg. Edgar elected into HOF in final year of eligibility. MLB.com. 2019-01-22 [2019-05-11]. (原始内容存档于2021-03-08) (英语). 
  2. ^ Official Baseball Rules 2015 edition (PDF). 2014-12-10 [2015-10-04]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2021-03-10). 
  3. ^ Wulf, Steve. Distinguished History. Sports Illustrated. 1993-04-05 [2008-03-31]. (原始内容存档于2012-10-22). The following excerpt is from the article "Why the Pitcher Ought to Bat", which first appeared in the Philadelphia North American and was reprinted in the Feb. 3, 1906, edition of Sporting Life: The suggestion, often made, that the pitcher be denied a chance to bat, and a substitute player sent up to hit every time, has been brought to life again, and will come up for consideration when the American and National League Committees on rules get together. This time Connie Mack is credited with having made the suggestion. 
  4. ^ Alexander, Charles C. Our Game: An American Baseball History需要免费注册. Macmillan. 1991: 290. ISBN 9780805015942. 



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